Tsavo National Park
Tsavo is composed of two separate parks, Tsavo East National Park and Tsavo West National Park, and is located in the province of the Kenyan coast, between the cities of Nairobi and Mombasa.
Tsavo covers an area of about 22,000km2, being the largest national park in Kenya and one of the largest in the world. The park was divided into 2 when the railway line that connected the coast, from the city of Mombasa, to the interior of Kenya was built.
Tsavo East National Park is one of the oldest parks in Kenya, located in the south-east of Kenya, near the town of Voi in the Taita-Taveta district, in the province of the coast, and has an area of 13,747 km2.
For its part, Tsavo West National Park is also located in the province of the coast, covering an area of 9,065 km2. The park opened in April 1948.
This part of the park offers areas of considerable altitude, dry plains and ancient lava fields. One of the main attractions is the Mzima Springs, a series of natural springs that attract a vast variety and quantity of great fauna.
Although Tsavo West and Tsavo were once a single mega-park, the separation between them was established decades ago, on a line that coincides with the Mombasa railway line – and in fact they look like two distinct national parks, with eco-systems very different: the open and undulating plains dotted with small forests of Tsavo East and the most wooded and mountainous landscapes, dotted with volcanic cones and dramatic currents of dry lava that characterize Tsavo West.
Just as the heart of Tsavo East lies at the southern end of the park, safaris in Tsavo West invariably concentrate in the north, known as the Developed Zone – a relatively small area, some 1,000 km2 north of the Tsavo River, with magnificent landscapes and a good network of dirt roads and gravel. This well-irrigated and volcanic soil is home to a number of wooded and savanna habitats inhabited by specimens of the entire collection of great fauna present in Kenya – although in mountainous forests, animals are difficult to see.
South of Tsavo West, the Lumo Community Wildlife Sanctuary, bordering the well-known Taita Hills Game Sanctuary, is one of the conservation activities on the initiative of the most successful communities in Kenya.
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